Object Record

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Accession number 1998.075
Catalog Number 1998.075.006
Object Name Cap, Garrison
Description Forty & Eight (40 & 8) association cap. Sewn into cap "40/8 CHEMINOT NATIONAL 1934 CONNECTICUT" Pin: "La Societe des 40 Hommes et 8 Chevaux" American Legion 40/8. Also, American Legion Service Membership pin.
Voyageur Militaire
Grand Chmeinot
Grand Publiciste
Grand Medicin
Grand Correspondant
Grnad Conducteur
Grnad Chef De Train
Grand Chef De Gare
Alternate Cheminot National
Cheminot National"

The Forty & Eight was formed in 1920 by American Legionnaires as an honor society from the American Legion. All Forty & Eight members are veterans of congressionally recognized wartime periods via their Legion membership.

The Forty & Eight’s titles and symbols reflect its First World War origins. American servicemen in France were transported to the battle front on narrow gauge French railroads (Chemin de Fer) inside boxcars (Voitures) that were half the size of American boxcars. Each French boxcar was stenciled with a "40/8", denoting its capacity to hold either forty men or eight horses. This ignominious and uncomfortable mode of transportation was familiar to all who traveled from the coast to the trenches; a common small misery among American soldiers who thereafter found "40/8" a lighthearted symbol of the deeper service, sacrifice and unspoken horrors of war that truly bind those who have borne the battle.
Collection Cohan, Howard S.
Material Cloth/Metal